主讲人简介：Aart W. Kleijn, director of Center of Interface Dynamics for Sustainability, received a national 1000 talents award in 2013 and he was a recipient of the Chengdu Jinsha Friendship Award in 2014. He is or has been professor of Physics and Chemistry at Universities in Amsterdam, Leiden, Paris, Lisbon and Chengdu.He published about 300 papers that received 6600 citations.
主讲内容：First, a brief overview of the development of the worlds energy consumption will be given. It will demonstrate the need for a rapid conversion to a sustainable society.In order to get a sustainable society there is no ready solution waiting for implementation. Research and development is needed on a large scale. In this lecture, two research areas will be introduced. Both have in common that they are based on plasma physics.Reduction of CO2 to hydrocarbons is a necessity in view of the global warming potential of CO2. Many schemes are proposed. Here the method using plasma excitation of CO2 will be introduced. It is a method to turn electrical energy into chemical energy. As such, this is a novel method to store electrical power that can be produced by intermittent sustainable power sources such as photo-voltaic or wind turbines. The power of plasma conversion of CO2 is, that not all molecular degrees of freedom are heated to the same extend. This makes very efficient dissociation of CO2 molecules possible.Sustainable electricity sources often have very large requirements for space. In many areas this space is hardly available. Therefore, a sustainable concentrated power source is required. Such a source can be realized by utilizing fusion power. At this moment in a world-wide project the ITER fusion reactor is being built. In China CFETRis being designed. An outline of its operational principles and a very brief introduction of our research in this area will be given.